Hepatitis B Annual

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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 116-130

Management of HBV-related cirrhosis: Role of nucleoside analogs

Department of Gastroenterology, Stanley Medical College Hospital, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
V Jayanthi
Department of Gastroenterology, Stanley Medical College Hospital, Chennai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9747.76909

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In the management of HBV related cirrhosis of the liver, viral suppression with safe and effective antiviral agents is essential. Besides, antiviral therapy for long term use in cirrhotics should be safe and affordable with low risk of drug resistance. Treatment of compensated HBV cirrhosis can diminish the risk of hepatic decompensation and progression to hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC]. Regression of fibrosis and reversal of cirrhosis have also been reported with antiviral therapy. Further, in decompensated cirrhosis, although liver transplantation is considered as the definitive therapy, inhibition of viral replication before transplantation can delay the need for liver transplant and also prevent HBV recurrence in the post-transplantation period. These patients while on antiviral therapy need close monitoring for viral resistance and adverse events, besides continued surveillance for HCC. This article reviews the literature on the role of nucleoside analogues in the management of HBV related chronic liver disease.

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